Natural outbreaks of the Ebola virus, while serious, are usually isolated and usually do not affect more than a few hundred people at a time. From 2014 to 2016, infections with this deadly virus caused more than 11,000 deaths in West Africa. During this time, several cases of Ebola virus were diagnosed in other countries, including the United States, attributable to infected travelers from West Africa who unwittingly hosted and incubated the virus en route to their respective destinations.

When a person infected with the Ebola virus becomes symptomatic, they usually begin to shed the virus. Often times, during an outbreak, healthcare workers and patient families are the first to respond and provide care. In this role, there is a high risk that they will also become infected with the virus. Therefore, it is important to understand how best to prevent transmission in both clinical and home settings.

Transmission of the Ebola virus from person to person …

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